Rwenzori Mountains National Park

Rwenzori Mountains National Park

Rwenzori Mountains National Park was established in 1991 and it is UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Rwenzori Mountains. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 because of its outstanding natural beauty. This park is located in the Bundibugyo, Kabarole, and Kasese districts- South-western Uganda on the east side of the western (Albertine) African rift valley. It lies along Uganda’s border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and borders the DRC’s Virunga National Park; the mist-shrouded peaks of the Mountains of the Moon give you a stunning backdrop to the magnificent Rwenzori Park. In the center of the range, some of the peaks are permanently covered in snow and glaciers, while the lower slopes are covered with dense forests. Almost 1,000 km2 (386 sq. mi) in size, the park has Africa’s third highest mountain peak (Mt Stanley), snowfields and many waterfalls, lakes, and glaciers.

The Rwenzori Mountain ranges the three highest peaks which are Margherita (5109m)-, Alexandria (5083m) and Albert (5087m), all on Mt Stanley, the third-highest mountain in Africa. The park includes most of the central and eastern half of the Rwenzori Mountains, a mountain range rising above dry plains located just north of the equator. Those mountains are higher than the Alps and are ice-capped which of course makes them difficult to climb. There’s an opportunity of making a Walking tour in the foothills of the Rwenzoris however, only the experienced and fit should attempt an ascent on the peaks. The park has trekking and climbing routes, several with unusual scenery. The most popular trek is a seven-day circuit of the park.

The park has many species that are endemic to the Albertine Rift system, and there are several endangered species in the park. It has a high diversity of plants and trees. The park is noted for its botany, which has been described as some of the most beautiful in the world. There are five distinct vegetation zones in the park, which change according to changes in altitude. The park has 89 species of birds, 15 species of butterfly, and four primate species. The park’s wildlife varies with elevation, and its species include the blue monkeys, forest elephant, chimpanzee, hyrax, black-and-white colobus, giant forest hog, L’Hoest’s monkeys, duiker, chameleons, and Rwenzori turaco. Two mammals are endemic to the range, the Rwenzori climbing mouse and the Rwenzori red duiker.

In addition to many bird species that are only found in this region such as the Rwenzori touraco, the francolin and the olive pigeon. The range, which isn’t volcanic, stretches for about 110km by 50km wide and is a haven for an extraordinary number of rare plants and animals, and new examples of both are still being discovered.

Travelers can visit Ruboni Village to learn about their culture with dancing and drumming lessons.

Accommodation: The town has hotels and lodges, while the park has camping, a good trail network and huts for hikers.

Activities in Bwindi impenetrable forest